Some aids in adaptation of first-year students at the classical university

Keywords: adaptation, educational adaptation, social adaptation, first-year students, electronic questionnaire, classical university


The paper deals with peculiarities of adaptation features to the educational process of first-year students and the some factors (aids) which help them overcome emerging difficulties. Among the main tasks at this stage are the development of a questionnaire and conducting an electronic questionnaire among first-year students, identifying the main difficulties and analyzing positive and negative factors of student adaptation in the higher institutions.

Some mains aids have been found to help first-year students overcome emerging difficulties. They are electronic resources in libraries, living conditions in the dormitories, relationships in student groups, receiving help from parents, relatives, fellow students, senior students, etc. Using electronic questionnaires, the diagnostics of adaptation of students to the educational process in conditions of the classical university has been conducted among 200 students in 2016 and 750 students in 2018. Most students have established relationships in their student group and think that the atmosphere in their group is favorable. Students get help from parents, relatives, fellow students, senior students and teachers, and students themselves help others as well. There should be more involvement of curators and teachers in adaptation of first-year students. It has been established that the renewed social environment, new living conditions are sufficiently favorable for the successful adaptation of students to the educational process in higher education. Some difficulties in the process of adaptation of first-year students to the university have both objective nature (unfamiliar lifestyle, new learning process, new forms and methods of studies, the need to study more by themselves, etc.), as well as subjective nature (poor school preparation, stress, fatigue caused by lectures, students’ own lack of organizational skills, and laziness, poor study skills, inability to prioritize, etc.). The empirical study proves that in the university conditions there are various factors during the adaptation of first-year students.


Балл, Г. А. (1989). Понятие адаптации и его значения для психологии личности. Вопросы психологии, 1, 92-100.

Бордовская, Н. В., & Реан, А. А. (2000). Педагогика. Учебник для вузов. Санкт-Петербург: Питер.

Дубовицкая, Т. Д., & Крылова, А. В. (2010). Методика исследования адаптированности студентов в вузе. Психологическая наука и образование, 2, 27-46.

Дябел, Л. І. (2008). Соціалізація студентів-першокурсників в умовах педагогічного університету. (Автореф. дис. канд. пед. наук). Національний педагогічний університет імені М. П. Драгоманова, Київ.

Зданевич, Л. В. (2003). Адаптація студентів педагогічних училищ до нових умов життєдіяльності. (Автореф. дис. канд. пед. наук). Інститут педагогіки і психології професійної освіти АПН України, Київ.

Клюшина, А. М. (2017). Психолого-педагогические особенности процесса адаптации первокурсников к условиям обучения в вузе. Поволжский педагогический вестник, 3 (16), 103-107.

Михайлишин, Г. Й., & Серман, Л. В. (2007). Соціальна адаптація студентів до умов навчання у вищих закладах освіти. Педагогика, психология и медико-биологические проблемы физического воспитания и спорта, 11, 156-159.


Ball, G. A. (1989). The concept of adaptation and its implications for the psychology of personality. Voprosy psihologii, 1, 92-100. (in Russian)

Bordovskaja, N. V., & Rean, A. A. (2000). Pedagogika. St. Petersburg: Piter. (in Russian)

Dubovickaja, T. D., & Krylova, A. V. (2010). A methodology for studying the adaptation of students in university. Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie, 2, 27-46. (in Russian)

Dyabel, L. I. (2008). Socialization of first-year students in the conditions of pedagogical university. (Author’s abstract of Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences Thesis). National M. Dragomanow Pedagogical University, Kyiv. (in Ukrainian)

Zdanevych, L. V. (2003). Adaptation of students of pedagogical colleges to new living conditions. (Author’s abstract of Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences Thesis). Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology of Professional Education of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv. (in Ukrainian)

Kljushina, A. M. (2017). Psychological and pedagogical features of the adaptation process of the first-year students to the conditions of training in the university. Povolzhskij pedagogicheskij vestnik, 3 (16), 103-107. (in Russian)

Mykhaylyshyn, H. Y., & Serman, L. V. (2007). Social adaptation of students to the learning environment in higher educational institutions. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 11, 156-159. (in Ukrainian)

How to Cite
Starosta, V., & Popadich, O. (2018). Some aids in adaptation of first-year students at the classical university. Ukrainian Journal of Educational Studies and Information Technology, 6(2), 16-26.