The characteristics and philosophical foundations of the learner-centered paradigm of education
Keywords:the learner-centred paradigm, J. Dewey, P. Freire, M. Lipman, activity, practice, person, agent
This article has been retracted. Please see: Retraction of published article due to the author's proposal, 2021, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 1-17
Today's educators observe rapid changes in the social institution of education. The paradigmatic approach to education developed by Thomas Kuhn is one strategy that might be used to explain and examine these transitions. According to the study, modern educators follow the learner-centered paradigm. It can, however, appear that the old paradigm is still having an impact on education. Consequently, the article has two primary goals. The first is to compare and contrast the two paradigms of education: learner-centered and teacher-centered. Second, it's crucial to understand what ideas are current in modern philosophy and whether they align with the learner-centered paradigm. The author makes an effort to differentiate philosophical ideas that currently significantly influence worldview. Four-dimensional ontology, constructivist epistemology, the issue of agency, individual identity, and the narrative approach to identity and cognitive concerns are some of them. Through the glasses of the learner-centered paradigm, these ideas are delineated and examined.
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